The Female Reproductive System
The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. The female also facilitates the fertilisation of the egg by sperm after sexual intercourse and supports the development of offspring during pregnancy and infancy. The uterus or womb hosts the developing foetus, and also produces vaginal and uterine secretions that passes the male’s sperm through the fallopian tubes.
The ovaries produce the female’s egg cells. The ovaries are oval shaped and measure 3cm x 1.5 cm x 1.5cm and located in the lateral wall of the pelvis region called the ovarian fossa. They are are not attached to the fallopian tubes but to the outer layer of the uterus via the ovarian ligaments.
The Male Reproductive System
The male reproductive system consists of the testes and a series of ducts and glands. Sperm are produced in the testes and are transported through the reproductive ducts. These ducts include the epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct and urethra. The reproductive glands produce secretions that become part of semen, the fluid that is ejaculated from the urethra. These glands include the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, and bulbourethral glands.