Eczema is the name for an inflammatory condition of the skin and is a term that is applied to a range of persistent dry skin conditions Atopic Eczema Atopic eczema also known as atopic dermatitis and it affects the skin that usually contains folds such as elbows, back of knees. In severe cases there may be weeping, blistering, oozing, crusting, scaling, thickening and sometimes pigmentation of the skin that causes the skin to split which also leaves it open to infection. Atopic eczema is called atopic as this describes the condition as being caused allergens.
Contact eczema also known as contact dermatitis is a type of eczema triggered by contact with a particular substance that directly damages the outer layer of skin. This eczema therefore usually affects the hand and feet. It causes the skin to become red, blistered, dry and cracked and usually occurs within a few hours or days of exposure to an irritant.
Discoid eczema also known as nummular or discoid dermatitis and causes distinctive circular or oval patches of eczema. It can affect any part of the body, although not usually the face or scalp. Over time, the patches may become dry, crusty, cracked and flaky. The center of the patch also sometimes clears, leaving a ring of discoloured skin that can be mistaken for ringworm.
Varicose eczema also known as venous, gravitational or stasis eczema is caused by increased pressure in the veins of the legs and so usually occurs older people. It affects the lower legs. and symptoms are the usual dry and flaky skin that becomes red and swollen, itchy, scaly and crusty.