Knee Joint Anatomy Medical Illustrations

When illustrating the knee it is important to understand its anatomy and funtion as it is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. Both the femur and tibia are enclosed in the knee joint in a joint capsule lined with synovial tissue called the synovial membrane. Between the condyles of the femur and the condylar surface of the tibia are menisci, which are two pads of cartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between the lower leg tibia and the thigh femur and are located medially and laterally inside the joint. A variety of ligaments maintain stability and the presence of large muscle groups.

The ligaments are the anterior cruciate ligament that prevents the femur from sliding backward on the tibia or the tibia sliding forward on the femur. The posterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia or the tibia from sliding backward on the femur. The medial and lateral collateral ligaments prevent the femur from sliding side to side. The ligaments surrounding the knee joint offer stability by limiting movements and, together with several menisci and bursae, protect the articular capsule.

Joanna and her team specialises in providing custom made illustrations to suit all projects. From simple diagrams to complex anatomy, and is readily able to advise you on your project. To turn medical or anatomical matter into a helpful visual for any project please contact Medical Artist Joanna.

Gallery of Medical Illustrations of the Knee Joint

Bony anatomy of the knee showing femur, fibia and tibula

Knee anatomy without the patella and patella ligament
 

Knee anatomy lateral view with the patella and patella ligament

Knee anatomy lateral view with the patella and patella ligament

Anatomy of a healthy kne

Anatomy of a healthy knee without any ligaments

 
Anatomy of the damaged knee joint and meniscus

Damaged knee, severed cruciate ligament, osteoporosis and multiple tears in the menisci

Bucket tears in the meniscus

Bucket tears in the meniscus

Multiple tears in the meniscus

Multiple tears in the meniscus

 
 
Graft and ligament harvesting surgery

Graft and ligament harvesting

Healthy joint and cartilage

Knee in flexion anterior view

Damage to the cartilage of the femoral condyles revealing bone

Damage to the cartilage of the femoral condyles

 
Anatomy of a healthy kne

Anatomy of a healthy knee

Anatomy of the knee showing patella, fibia and tibula

Knee with synovial membrane
 

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease

Rheumatoid arthritis of the knee the auto immune disease