When illustrating the knee, it is important to understand its anatomy and function as it is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. Both the femur and tibia are enclosed in the knee joint in a joint capsule lined with synovial tissue called the synovial membrane. Between the condyles of the femur and the condylar surface of the tibia are menisci, which are two pads of cartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction in the knee joint between the lower leg tibia and the thigh femur and are located medially and laterally inside the joint. A variety of ligaments maintain stability and the presence of large muscle groups.
The ligaments are the anterior cruciate ligament that prevents the femur from sliding backwards on the tibia or the tibia sliding forward on the femur. The posterior cruciate ligament prevents the femur from sliding forward on the tibia or the tibia from sliding backwards on the femur. The medial and lateral collateral ligaments prevent the femur from sliding side to side. The ligaments surrounding the knee joint offer stability by limiting movements and, together with several menisci and bursae, protect the articular capsule.
How Joanna & The Team Can Help
By contacting Joanna & the team, they can help you gain a better anatomical understanding of the knee joint and much more.
Joanna & the team specialise in detailed illustrations to aid your anatomical needs, from simple diagrams to complex anatomy, they are passionate in providing you custom made illustrations to suit your project, whatever it may be. For all possible enquires about a project, do not hesitate to contact Medical Artist Joanna.
Medical-Artist.com is a custom medical illustration agency based in the UK providing medial art to clients across the world.
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